Breast cancer arises when cells in the breast grows abnormal and uncontrollable. These cells form a tumor usually feels like a lump. Although usually occurs in women, breast cancer can also attack the man.
Breast cancer can not show symptoms in the early stages. In some cases, the tumor may not be felt because it was too small, but may be known by examining mammography. If the tumor is large enough, it is palpated as a lump in the chest. However, not all dents mean cancer.
Breast cancer symptoms may vary, the same could not, could also include:
• The presence of a lump or thickening in the breast tissue that is different from the surrounding tissue.
• Changes in the shape and size of the breast.
• Skin reddened breasts.
• Peeling of the breast and wart skin.
• Pain and swelling of the breasts.
• The blood from the nipple.
• A lump or swelling under the armpit.
• Nipple retracted inwards.
A person experiencing the symptoms above are not necessarily suffering from breast cancer. Pain or lumps in the chest can also be signs of breast cysts. Therefore, it is important to see a doctor if the symptoms above, seems to be a known cause.
Breast cancer occurs because cells in the breasts grow unusually and uncontrollably. These cells divide quickly and gather to form lumps, and can then spread to lymph nodes or other organs.
is not yet known what causes the cells turn into cancer cells, but experts suspect the existence of an interaction between genetic factors with lifestyle, environment and hormones, so that the cells become abnormal and grow uncontrollably.
Risk Factors of breast cancer
Several factors are known to increase the risk of breast cancer. However, someone with a number of risk factors is not necessarily cancer breast, rather than someone without risk factor may be affected by cancer. Someone who had esophageal cancer in a breast had a high risk of developing cancer in the other breast.
Other factors that can increase the risk of breast cancer include:
• Age. The risk of breast cancer increases with age.
• Sex. Women suffering from breast cancer are more susceptible than men.
• Exposure to radiation. Someone who had undergone radiotherapy is prone to breast cancer.
• Obesity. Excess weight increases the risk of developing breast cancer.
• has never been pregnant. Women who are pregnant and breastfeeding women always have a lower risk of breast cancer than women who have never been pregnant and nursing women.
• Birth in old age. Women who are children over 30 years of age are more at risk of experiencing breast cancer.
• Alcohol consumption. Recent studies have shown that the consumption of alcohol in the least amount of stay increases the risk of breast cancer.
• Hormone replacement therapy. After menopause, women who have hormone replacement therapy with estrogen and progesterone have more at risk of developing breast cancer.
• Start menstruation too young. Women who experience irregular periods below the age of 12 years are known to experience a higher risk of breast cancer.
• Late menopause. Women who have not experienced menopause until the age of 55 years are also in danger of experiencing breast cancer.
• A history of breast cancer in the family. Mutations in the genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 could also cause breast cancer to be derived from parents to children. In addition, a person who has close family members who has suffered from breast cancer are also more in danger of experiencing it.
Breast cancer can be prevented by some of the following:
• Routine do breast self-examination (aware). With routine realize, a woman will increasingly recognize the tits herself, so if there is an anomaly like a change of shape or appear bumps, can be immediately checked me to the doctor. Deliberately well done every month on the day until 7-10 after the first menstruation.
• Routine clinical breast examination (SADANIS). SADANIS is a breast test performed by the medical officer. Discuss with your doctor about when the right time to start SADANIS and filter controls for breast cancer that x-rays the breast (Mammografi), as well as the risks and benefits.
• Exercise routine. Do 30 minutes exercise every day.
• Be careful about replacement hormone therapy after menopause. Combination hormone therapy can increase the risk of breast cancer. Consult your doctor about the benefits and risks of hormone replacement therapy.
• Maintain optimum weight. If you have excess body weight, consult your doctor about strategies to lose weight and keep the weight off
• Stop consuming alcohol.
In women who are at high risk for developing breast cancer, prevention can be done with medication or surgical interventions.
Remedy inhibitor of estrogen, such as enzyme inhibitor of Aromatase and selective estrogen receptor modulators, can be used to prevent breast cancer in high-risk women who are affected by this disease.
As for the prevention of surgical methods, doctors can surgery appointment breast (prophylactic amputation) or surgery to remove the ovaries (prophylactic oophorectomy).